High-speed Internet connections have made download times less of a concern than they were in the days of dialup connections. Still, no one wants to wait for downloads longer than necessary, which is where netselect-apt comes in handy.
Netselect-apt is a utility for Debian-based distributions that helps you choose the fastest HTTP mirrors to list in /etc/apt/sources.list. It needs to be run once for each repository you want listed. The command recognizes both the official names (stable, testing, unstable, and experimental) and the code names (jessie, sid), so that
netselect-apt unstable and
netselect-apt sid give the same results. If no options or repository is named, netselect-apt gives you world-wide results for the stable repository.
The command runs in three stages. It begins by retrieving the set of mirrors from the Debian home site and then creating a temporary file in /tmp.
# netselect-apt --country CA sid Using distribution sid Retrieving the list of mirrors from www.debian.org --2015-06-10 12_50_08-- http://www.debian.org/mirror/mirror_full Resolving www.debian.org (www.debian.org)... 188.8.131.52, 184.108.40.206 Connecting to www.debian.org (www.debian.org)|220.127.116.11|:80... connected. Length. 363626 (355K) [text/html] Saving to: '/tmp/netselect-apt.2FfLYw'
In the second stage, netselect-apt applies the options and targets in the command, testing the repository listed using wget, and eliminating duplicate repositories.
Choosing a main Debian mirror using netselect. (will filter only for mirrors in country CA) netselect: 11 (11 active) nameserver request(s)... Duplicate address 18.104.22.168 (http://debian.mirror.iweb.ca/debian/, http://22.214.171.124/debian); keeping only under first name. netselect: 5 (5 active) nameserver request(s)... Duplicate address 126.96.36.199 (http://188.8.131.52/debian/, http://debian.mirror.rafal.ca/debian); keeping only under first name. Running netselect to choose 10 out of 11 addresses.
Finally, it lists the ten fastest mirrors (or less, if fewer exist) and writes the fastest to a sources.list file in the present working directory – which means that you should not run it from /etc/apt, where it will overwrite the sources.list that your system is currently using.
Only found 9 hosts out of 10 requested. The fastest 10 servers seem to be: http://mirror.it.ubc.ca/debian/ http://debian.savoirfairelinux.net/debian/ http://debian.mirror.gtcomm.net/debian/ http://debian.mirror.iweb.net/debian/ http://debian.bhs.mirros.ovh.net/debian/ http://mirror.its.dal.ca/debian/ http://ftp.ca.debian.org/debian/ http://debian.yorku.ca/debian/ http://ftp3.nrc.ca/debian/ Of the hosts tested we choose the fastest valid HTTP: http://mirror.it.ubc.ca/debian/ Writing sources.list.
Name conflicts are automatically resolved, so you can run netselect-apt once for each repository you want in your system’s sources.list, and then copy and paste the results into a single file, and replace your current sources.list. As far as I can tell, netselect-apt gives valid results, but you might want to backup your current sources.list, just in case something goes wrong with the new one.
By default, netselect-apt gives world-wide results, which can take several minutes to produce. You can get quicker results – and, probably faster downloads – if you add the
--country CODE option, following the option with a standard country code such as
us for the United States or
gb for the United Kingdom. You can also use
--nonfree to include in the results the section of the repository dedicated to software released under a restricted license, or
--ftp to list FTP-based repositories instead of HTTP ones. Similarly, although by default netselect-apt uses the architecture of the machine you are working on, you can also create a sources.list for another architecture with the option
Should the fastest mirror have any problems, you can copy and paste another of the ten fastest mirrors.
If you truly want the fastest possible downloads, run netselect-apt at several different times of day, to see if your repositories’ speeds differ with the traffic. Such optimization takes a while to setup, but might ensure that you get the best possible download times.